International Conference on The
Great Himalayas: Climate, Health, Ecology, Management
January 12-15, 2004.
The Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management
Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal
Himalayan Resources Institute, Kathmandu, Nepal
NEW MAY 2004
and Abstract Book
Subodh Sharma, Kathmandu University, Nepal
Mohiuddin Munawar, Fisheries & Oceans, Canada
R. Baudo, CNR, Instituto Italiano Idrobiologia, Italy
P. den Besten, Institute for Inland Water management and Waste Water
Treatment-RIZA, The Netherlands
G. Dave, Göteborg University, Sweden
T. Edsall, USGS, USA
A. R. G. Price, Warwick University, UK
D.F. Malley, PDK Projects, Canada
Luo Jing, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China
S. P. Singh, Kumaon University, India
R.K. Sinha, Patna University, India
A.R. Khan, Kashmir University, India
M. A. Ao, Nagaland University, India
O. P. Sharma, Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry,
M. F. Bari, BUET, Bangladesh
A. Rashid, Pakistan CRWR, Pakistan
D. D. Sharma, Forestry Services Division, Bhutan
Tin Htun, Institute of Forestry, Myanmar
D. R. Bhuju, Royal Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Nepal
P. Shrestha, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
Mr. Ram Bhandari, President, Himalayan Resources Institute (HIRI)
M. Munawar, Chief Editor, AEHMS
I. F. Munawar, Managing Editor, AEHMS
S. G. Lawrence, Technical Editor, AEHMS
Local Arrangement Committee:
||S. R. Sharma, Vice-Chancellor
||S. Adhikary, Registrar
||P. R. Adhikary, Dean, School of Science
||R. B. Chhetri, Head, Department of Biological Sciences and
||R. M. Bajracharya
S. N. Khanal
B. R. Jha
C. K. Sharma
S. K. Upadhaya
M. K. Ghimirae
B. M. Dahal
The Great Himalaya is one of the world’s most fragile ecosystems.
It has remained delicately balanced for centuries and has been a
place of tremendous biodiversity. Only in recent years has the ecosystem
been disturbed in various parts due to both anthropogenic and natural
impact. The mountain chain is young and is still geologically active.
The Indian landmass continues to move towards the Eurasian landmass
as a result of which the Himalaya rise by a few millimeters every
year. Due to this, the Himalaya is still structurally unstable.
The term "Himalaya" was introduced by the ancient Indian
pilgrims. It is a Sanskrit word meaning “the Abode of Snow”.
This majestic range stretches over a distance of about 2500 km from
west to east. Its average width ranges from 100 to 400 km. The vast
area covered by the mountain range, along with some fantastic altitude
gradients, result in the tremendous biodiversity of the Himalayan
region. Vegetation and wildlife both change according to altitude
and the resulting differences in climatic conditions.
With nine of the world's fourteen highest peaks, Nepal is a true
Himalayan kingdom. The Himalayas cover three fourths of the land
in Nepal. It hosts some of the highest, rugged, remote and most
difficult terrain in the world. The world's highest mountain peak
Mount Everest, other high peaks like Lhotse, Nuptse, Annapurna,
Dhaulagiri, Manaslu and the presence of some very beautiful trekking
routes attract hundreds of thousands of people from all over the
Conference Host, Climate and wear:
Kathmandu University is an institution of high academic standard
in Nepal. The architects of Kathmandu University have envisaged
it as a truly national institution of higher learning. The university
expresses the peoples' will to raise the national consciousness
by imparting quality education to its students who can be assets
to the nation. The university site is centrally located between
the towns of Dhulikhel and Banepa about 28 km from Kathmandu on
about 13 hectares of open land. The twin towns of Dhulikhel and
Banepa can accommodate a great number of students and are growing
as university towns. They have a pleasing and peaceful environment
to support the educational atmosphere and joy of learning. The snow
covered Himalayan range from Annapurna to Mt. Everest provides a
visual background to the university site.
Nepal has four climatic seasons
(a) Spring: March-May
(b) Summer: June-August
(c) Autumn: September-November
(d) Winter: December-February.
Weather in the month of January in Kathmandu is from Minimum
5 to Maximum 22 degree Celsius.
Clothing depends on place and time; however, it is recommended
to have both light and warm clothing. In the mountain areas
warm clothes are generally a must.
Tribhuvan International Airport is the only international airport
in Nepal. Royal Nepal Airlines- the national flag carrier of Nepal
and other International Airlines operate flights to Kathmandu. The
International Airlines operating their flights into Kathmandu include:
Austrian Airlines, Biman Bangladesh Airlines, China South-West Airlines,
Druk Air, lndian Airlines, Pakistan International Airlines, Quatar
Airways and Thai lnternational.
Domestic Air Service:
The Royal Nepal Airlines operates an extensive network of air service
in the interior parts of Nepal. Beside Royal Nepal Airlines the
other domestic airlines such as Asian Helicopters, Necon Air, Cosmic
Air, Mountain Air, Sita Airlines and Buddha Airways also provide
regular and charter services to different popular destinations.
Entering Nepal by Road:
The entry points at Nepal-India border are; Kakarbhitta, Birgunj,
Belahiya (Bhairahawa), Nepalgunj, Dhangadi, and Mahendra Nagar.
The only entry point at Nepal-China border is Kodari.
Kathmandu is connected with India through the fertile plains of
the Terai by the most picturesque highways. Visitors are permitted
to drive their own cars but their vehicles must possess an international
carnet (permit). There are regular bus services to Kathmandu from
all the border points. The interior parts of the country are also
linked with a number of roads. Buses for the different parts of
the country are available at the Gongabu bus terminal, which is
located near Balaju.
Other Transport Arrangements:
are taxi and auto rickshaws (three wheelers) with fare meters in
Kathmandu. Motorcycles, bicycles and rickshaws are also available.
Passport and Visa:
All visitors to Nepal must hold valid passports and visa. The Royal
Nepalese Embassies or consulates abroad or the entry points or the
Immigration Offices provide a visa upon the presentation of a valid
passport, two passport size photos and a payment of visa fees. Tourists
can extend their visas at the Department of Immigration, Bhrikuti
Marg, Kathmandu. Entry Visa to Nepal is easily available at the
Tribhuvan International Airport of Nepal.
Embarkation and Disembarkation Cards:
Tourists are required to fill up disembarkation and embarkation
cards upon their arrival and departure.
Currency and Foreign Exchange:
The unit of the Nepalese Currency is Rupee. One Nepali Rupee (NRs)
is made up of 100 paisa. Nepali Rupee comes in 1, 2, 5, 10, 20,
50, 100, 500, and 1,000 denominations.
Foreign visitors other than Indian nationals are required to pay
their hotel bills and air tickets in foreign currency. However the
other payments must always be made in Nepalese currency. The foreign
currency exchange counters of different banks are available at different
places in the city. Foreign currencies must be exchanged only through
the banks or authorized foreign exchange.
Tourists other than Indian are not allowed to import or export
Indian currency. The rate of exchange of the foreign currencies
is determined by the Nepal Rastra Bank and is announced in the press
daily. The present exchange rate 1 USD is equivalent to NRs. 78.50.
Nepal time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead
of Indian Standard Time.
Great Himalayan Climate,
Meteorology, and Hydrology
Ecosystem Health of Mountain Ecosystems
Glacier environment, Indigenous Systems
Climate change and Monsoons
Long range transport and Asian Brown Cloud
Water quality and health
Waste water treatment/alternatives
Biodiversity and Ecology
Energy and Environment
Pest and Pesticides
Range Ecosystem management
Nature reserve and Wildlife management
Environmental Ecosystem modeling
Urbanization and Occupational health
Deforestation/soil erosion in urbanized Himalayan environment
Waste management and Ecotourism
Impact of tourism
Emerging technologies for Mountain ecosystems
Environmental education for natives and foreigners
International research networking
Manuscripts originating from the conference (oral and posters)
will be considered for publication in a peer reviewed book (Ecovision
World Monograph Series) and/or a special issue of the AEHMS journal:
Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management (Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia,
USA) depending on the nature and type of manuscripts. All papers
will undergo standard peer review and technical editing. The Chief
Editor and the AEHMS Publication Committee will decide the suitability
of each paper for one of the publication venues mentioned above.
Manuscripts for publication can be submitted at anytime up to the
deadline of January 15, 2004 (at end of the conference). Please
email manuscripts to Dr. Munawar, Chief Editor, AEHMS: email@example.com.
Instruction to Authors can be found on the AEHMS website: www.aehms.org
|Participants from Nepal:
|Participants from India:
|Students from SAARC countries:
|For Local/National NGOs:
|For INGO in Nepal:
|For participants from other SAARC countries:
|For foreign participants** (other than Nepal, India, &
|** This includes accommodation and meals at the
Dhulikhel Lodge Resort, Dhulikhel
AEHMS Annual Membership:
$40.00 USD for Developing Countries including 4 issues of the
journal and free on line access
$55.00 for other Countries including 4 issues of the journal and
free on line access
$341.00 USD including 4 issues of the journal and on line access
Ecovision World Monograph Series:
The peer-reviewed book based on papers originating from the conference
must be pre-paid at the conference to qualify for a special discounted
Developing countries: $45.00 USD
Other countries: $90.00 USD
English is the official language. Abstracts must be submitted by
email by August 31, 2003 to: firstname.lastname@example.org as a Word attachment.
A message stating oral or poster presentation preference is to be
enclosed with the abstract. Abstracts may also be submitted on disk
to AEHMS, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 867 Lakeshore Road, P.O.
Box 5050, Burlington, Ontario, Canada, L7R 4A6. Abstracts have a
300 word limit. Underline the presenting author and include affiliation,
address and tel/fax/email of the presenting author only. Abstracts
should include objectives, methods, results, and conclusions (do
not include these as headings in the abstract). Authors will be
notified of acceptance by October 31, 2003.
Space is limited, Registration is
on a first come, first serve basis
For participants from Nepal, India, students from SAARC
Countries, Local/National NGOs, INGO from Nepal, Please send registration
For Participants paying in USD, send registration forms
Dr. M. Munawar, AEHMS, Fisheries and Oceans Canada,
867 Lakeshore Road, P.O. Box 5050, Burlington, ON, Canada,
Registration and submission of abstract: August
Notification of acceptance of abstract: October
Deadline of Manuscript submission: January